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Moss Removal

Raking is the preferred method for removing moss. For small lawns a wire ‘spring bok’ or fan rake will do but it’s much easier with a hand lawn scarifier. For larger lawns a powered lawn raker or scarifier with wire tines would be best.

Good Timing & Lawn RecoveryHandy Manual Lawn Scarifier

Moss produces spores generally in April. In Eastbourne it will be early, in Lanark it’ll be late and in Malvern the middle part of the month; as a rule, but not guaranteed! It spores again in September. Therefore, doing the business before sporing, if possible is generally a good idea.

‘If possible’ can be a problem though. When performing any ‘invasive’ treatment to the lawn we need the lawn to be able to recover and repair itself in as short a time as possible afterward. If it doesn’t then you may swap a weed problem for your moss problem! Not a good idea, so this means warmth, fertiliser and moisture must be available to get the grass recovering.

Therefore, leaving the raking until April (but before sporing) allows things to warm up a little. There is usually plenty of moisture around and the timing will be right for a fertiliser application afterwards.

In autumn, just wait until the rains start. This will fire off the moss but will also mean the grass can recover with the rain and September sun.

Moss Killing & Raking

The most common procedure is to apply a moss killer to kill the moss, wait a couple of weeks and then rake the moss out. The reasoning is that you can spread the moss to other parts of your lawn if it is alive thus causing an even bigger problem.

Some considerations:

  • If you have a moss problem then the chances are good there are spores and possibly moss all over the lawn, so raking isn’t going to spread it to new areas
  • Applying a moss killer product (granular or liquid) to the lawn will never kill ALL the moss. Some moss may be too deep for the treatment to penetrate all the way
  • When you rake you will now spread this remaining live moss around partially defeating the object of applying moss killer in the first place!

My alternative method is:

  • Rake out the moss. You will not get it all
  • Apply a moss killer to the moss that remains after raking. The moss will now be thin enough to allow better penetration of the moss killer
  • This method will get in excess of 90% of the moss

Note: If applying ferrous sulphate after raking which is to be followed by seeding you should use a soluble product such as Lawnsmith Green-up Ferrous Sulphate NOT a dry granular one such as Lawnsmith Winter Green. This is because dry products are slower to react and may effect the seedlings.

Perhaps the real benefit of applying a moss killer prior to raking is that the moss killer will desiccate the moss to some degree thereby reducing its bulk. So, if you have a bad enough problem applying a moss killer before and after raking may be very beneficial. If using just ferrous sulphate products allow several weeks between treatments with the applications being made in cool wet conditions otherwise you will start to blacken the grass. In addition ensure your moss killer is low on fertiliser (nitrogen) content as a double application may cause growth or disease problems. Straight iron sulphate moss killer or MossOff would be the preferred choice in this instance.

Moss Removal Action Plan

  • If applying ferrous sulphate or MossOff prior to raking do this 7 to 14 days before. Damp conditions improve penetration in to the moss if using ferrous sulphate so if conditions are dry give the lawn a very light sprinkling with the hose prior to application. Do not water after. Dry conditions are required if using MossOff. A light high topping with the mower beforehand will also aid penetration whichever product you are using
  • Because moss products acidify the soil you MUST use it uniformly over the whole lawn otherwise you will create pH variations which will affect grass growth and may even increase moss infestations in future years.
  • Rake out the moss on a dry day normally April to early May when the grass is noticeably growing (and late August or early September if raking end of season). Mow the lawn reasonably close before hand to better expose the moss and reduce resistance on the rake
  • If applying ferrous sulphate after raking do it straight after raking and ensure all debris is removed first. Using a rotary lawn mower to suck up the last few bits can be a good idea. If applying ferrous sulphate before AND after your timing needs to change as applying high doses of ferrous sulphate less than 4 weeks apart can damage the grass. Therefore, if you are planning to spray before and after, spray 3 weeks before raking and re-spray 1 week after. If in doubt use a reduced dose (3g/m2) on the second spray. If you introduce MossOff into your plan as the second treatment then the period between moss treatments can be reduced often making the plan more manageable and user friendly. See the Moss Eradication Plan below.
  • Finally, follow our recommended post raking lawn recovery procedure on the next page

Our Suggested 12 Month Moss Eradication Plan

This is by no means fixed so be prepared to be flexible depending on your preferences and the severity of moss. The plan can be started at any point and requires a full 12 month cycle to maximise effectiveness.

YEAR 1

WINTER

  • use Winter Green once to feed, control moss and maintain grass health
  • any moss recurrence should be controlled with either MossOff or Green-up Ferrous Sulphate

SPRING

  • 2 weeks prior to raking moss apply your preferred product - usually late March onwards for southern England and April onwards for everyone else
  • Rake moss out then apply a second treatment of either MossOff or Green-up Ferrous Sulphate - a 4 week gap is required if using ferrous sulphate twice
  • After 2-3 days if using ferrous sulphate or 7-10 days if using MossOff you may need to rake lightly again prior to over seeding
  • Apply Spring Fertiliser at the time of seeding

AUTUMN

  • Moss may re-occur during cooler wetter weather so use either MossOff or Green-up Ferrous Sulphate to suppress
  • If you need to scarify and there is moss present, follow the plan for Spring
  • Always apply an Autumn fertiliser

FOLLOWING YEARS - maintenance programme

The YEAR 1 programme should bring you back to a healthy, grassy rather than mossy lawn. If your lawn starts reverting rapidly back to moss something is causing this. It is either the conditions surrounding your lawn or your mowing needs adjusting. Read more here.

WINTER

  • use Winter Green once to feed, control moss and maintain grass health
  • any further moss recurrence should be controlled with either MossOff or Green-up Ferrous Sulphate

SPRING

  • 2 weeks prior to feeding apply MossOff or Green-up Ferrous Sulphate
  • Apply Spring Fertiliser

AUTUMN

  • For suppressing moss if present during the cooler wetter weather use either MossOff or Green-up Ferrous Sulphate
  • If you need to scarify and there is moss present, follow the plan for Spring in Year 1
  • Always apply an Autumn fertiliser

Related videos for this article

How to Rake and Scarify for Moss and Thatch

How to Rake and Scarify for Moss and Thatch

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