- From £9.90
If the area already exists as a lawn or has plants in it kill the whole area first if you have time. This will reduce the occurrence of future weeds and weed grasses in your new lawn. Use glyphosate as this degrades on contact with the soil leaving no harmful residue.
Once everything is dead, perhaps after a couple of weeks, strip off any turf with a spade, turf iron or petrol turf cutter available from Hire Shops. This may seem unnecessary hard work particularly if your next step is to dig or rotovate the area. Unfortunately, existing turf will not break up readily thereby making it harder work to rotovate or dig. In addition the old turf will cause a bumpy lawn containing air pockets which will then increase the bumpiness over time. So, remove the old turf and if you have a place to store it then do so as it will eventually rot down and make a great compost or top dressing later on.
At any stage during lawn preparation be prepared to pick up or rake out stones and debris such as roots. The quality of lawn you are constructing will determine how far you go with this process. And if perfection is your goal then consider bringing in double screened (1/4” sieved) sandy loam topsoil for the top few inches.
If you have had a soil test done now is the time to plan and order those amendments that you are going to make. These may include:
Double dig or rotovate the soil to a depth of 6 to 8 inches (15 to 20 cms). Less depth, say 10cms is okay but if you’re going to the trouble of digging it up you might as well do it thoroughly. Rotovate at least twice and if the depth and tilth are not reasonably uniform repeat the process again at right angles if possible or use a garden fork to break up any large clods and make the area more uniform. Your fertiliser should be incorporated at the end of this stage.
Heavy soils will break up more easily when they are on the dry side which will also prevent them from smearing on the rotovator blades. If this happens stop and let the ground dry a little otherwise you could be causing drainage problems later on. Conversely, sandy soils may well need some moisture to maintain the texture. Friable is the word used to describe the result we wish to achieve; a crumbly soil that is neither great clods of clay nor a loose sandy beach!
If you’re adding lime be careful not to overdo it. Making the soil for an ornamental lawn too alkaline is detrimental to the finer grasses and will promote weeds and weed grasses. The amounts should be given to you by the laboratory that did your soil analysis. When adding lime do so as evenly as possible otherwise you will have different pH values and therefore different growth properties throughout the lawn. Use ground limestone or dolomitic limestone only.
When adding soil or organics do so in stages and NEVER layer one soil on top of another without blending by digging or rotovating. The greater the quantity or depth of amendment will affect the steps you will take to incorporate it. This will also affect the pH of the finished job so it’s worth getting a pH for the new soil.
Adding 6” or 15 cm of new soil. This is unusual but may be required for very heavy clay areas.
WARNING: After each addition and blending of soil you should consolidate the layer by treading or using a medium roller over the entire area. This removes air from the layer preventing settling later on. You can only affect to about 5cm deep when treading or rolling which means it needs to be done as the layers are put down. See TREADING in the 'Penultimate Step' below
From this you will see that there is a thorough mixing of the old and new soils, the old soil has been well broken up and the soil profile is light and freely draining at the surface with the moisture holding clay layer deep down. This is perfect for grass health and to promote excellent rooting.
For quantities that are less than this incorporate as follows:
The process of tilling the ground will have brought weed seeds to the surface which will germinate into your new lawn. You can do several things at this stage to reduce the impact:
The addition of sand or sharp sand to lighten heavy soil is possible but it does require to be very well blended with your existing soil. Heavy clay soils benefit the most from the addition of sand but they are also the hardest to blend. River sand is the best and builders or coastal sand a no-no!
I often see sand layered at about 1” deep on top of prepared ground prior to seeding or turfing. This is done supposedly to add a smooth finish and improve drainage. In my humble opinion this does nothing for drainage, may well affect the grass negatively and at best is a poor substitute for a properly prepared and smoothed surface. Admittedly, heavy clay soils that are wet are the devils own job to level and smooth so timing, hard work and proper amendment of the soil is required, not a layer of sand!
This final stage completes the preparation and readies the lawn area for sowing grass seed or laying turf.
Start off by raking the area to a reasonably smooth level. I like to use a landscapers or hay rake for this because the flat back allows me to push and move soil around.
TREADING: Next comes the old fashioned art of ‘treading’ or ‘heeling’ the soil surface. It takes time but pays dividends in giving a flat firm finish. This is what true professionals will do as it is the only way to squeeze out air pockets and remove any likelihood of sinking later on. It’s the equivalent of kneading dough to make bread. With most of your weight on your heels just shuffle and tread up and down the area moving your feet about half a foot length each time. You need to tread every square inch of the prepared area so make sure you’ve got plenty of Radox because you’ll need a good soak afterwards!
Once you’ve trod the area start raking again to reduce bumps and fill depressions. If you’ve got the energy and inclination tread again in a different direction, rake to level and repeat one last time. Repeated treading will be required for an ornamental lawn as will the use of boards, levels and string to get a perfectly flat finish.
If you’ve forgotten to add your pre-seeding starter fertiliser you can add it now or just prior to seeding or turfing.
The final step is to build up some moisture in the soil if things are dry. This is crucial if you are creating a lawn from seed because you can only water lightly and gently once the seed is in otherwise you’ll start washing it out. Do this a few days before seeding so that the surface is dry enough to rake without sticking to your shoes during the seed sowing stage. Watering will also settle the ground so if you haven’t heeled it properly it gives you an opportunity to correct it before seeding or turfing.
1 item(s) added to your compare list
It is your responsibility to ensure this is correct. If a delivery needs to be redirected because the address is incorrect you may have another delivery charge. If goods are delivered to an incorrectly given address, even if using PayPal, and we are notified within 72 hours we will assist in having them retrieved but ultimately the responsibility lies with the purchaser to collect their order.
NOTE for PayPal users: The agreement between you and PayPal and ourselves and PayPal requires deliveries to be sent to a registered addresses you select from your PayPal account. This will overwrite any other address stored in your Lawnsmith account. Therefore, if you need deliveries to go to any address other than those used in PayPal you will need to pay by card.
Prices include VAT.
The price you pay is the price displayed on this website at the time we receive your order, except in the instance where an error has occurred with the price or product information shown on the website, at which time you will be notified of the issue and the transaction will be cancelled. In the event that an error is discovered with the price of any goods you have ordered:
Deliveries need to be signed for though our carrier is authorised to leave goods with a close neighbour if you are out. If you want to take responsibility for your delivery being left safely at your address or with a named close neighbour or prevent goods being left with a neighbour then you can use the 'Leave Safe' instruction when you fill in your order details. This does not apply to Royal Mail.
These can be unreliable therefore we cannot accept responsibility for goods that are delivered to 'drop shops' or collection points. If you arrange for your order to be sent to one then you become responsible for the delivery and collection of your order from the time you advise our carrier to make such a delivery.
You must inspect and report by email any damage to goods or errors within 24 hours of delivery. We are then only too happy to take appropriate steps to correct the problem at no charge.
You may cancel your order at any time before delivery for a full refund or up to 14 calendar days after the day on which the goods were received. This must be in writing by email. If your cancellation is made after goods have been received please see Returns & Refunds below.
On rare occasions you may want to return an item. We will do everything to assist in this matter but it is your responsibility for ensuring we are notified of this by email any time up to 14 calendar days after the day on which the goods were received. You then have a further 14 days in which to return the goods. A full refund will be made, including delivery charges if applicable, subject to the criteria below:-
Return Address: Lawnsmith Ltd, 1A The Depot, Silcoates Street, Wakefield. WF2 0DX. Returns Form & Label
Refunds will be made promptly and normally within 3 days of receipt and inspection of the returned goods. If you have doubts that goods are suitable for returning please email us prior to returning them.
The materials contained on our site are provided for general information purposes only and do not claim to be or constitute legal or other professional advice and shall not be relied upon as such.
We do not accept any responsibility for any loss which may arise from accessing or reliance on the information on this site and to the fullest extent permitted by English law, we exclude all liability for loss or damages direct or indirect arising from use of this site.
Access to our site is permitted on a temporary basis, and we reserve the right to withdraw or amend the service we provide on our site without notice (see below). We will not be liable if for any reason our site is unavailable at any time or for any period.
We are the owner or the licensee of all intellectual property rights in our site, and in the material published on it. Those works are protected by copyright laws and treaties around the world. All such rights are reserved.
You may print off one copy, and may download extracts, of any page(s) from our site for your personal reference and you may draw the attention of others within your organisation to material posted on our site.
You must not modify the paper or digital copies of any materials you have printed off or downloaded in any way, and you must not use any illustrations, photographs, video or audio sequences or any graphics separately from any accompanying text. Our status (and that of any identified contributors) as the authors of material on our site must always be acknowledged.
The content displayed on our site is provided without any guarantees, conditions or warranties as to its accuracy. To the extent permitted by law, we, and third parties connected to us hereby expressly exclude:
This does not affect our liability for death or personal injury arising from our negligence, nor our liability for fraudulent misrepresentation or misrepresentation as to a fundamental matter, nor any other liability which cannot be excluded or limited under applicable law.
You must not misuse our site by knowingly introducing viruses, trojans, worms, logic bombs or other material which is malicious or technologically harmful. You must not attempt to gain unauthorised access to our site, the server on which our site is stored or any server, computer or database connected to our site. You must not attack our site via a denial-of-service attack or a distributed denial-of service attack.
By breaching this provision, you would commit a criminal offence under the Computer Misuse Act 1990. We will report any such breach to the relevant law enforcement authorities and we will co-operate with those authorities by disclosing your identity to them. In the event of such a breach, your right to use our site will cease immediately.
We will not be liable for any loss or damage caused by a distributed denial-of-service attack, viruses or other technologically harmful material that may infect your computer equipment, computer programs, data or other proprietary material due to your use of our site or to your downloading of any material posted on it, or on any website linked to it.
On our site we have various forms and methods for you to write to us with your questions and also to send pictures. We reserve the right to publish these for the benefit of our wider audience. These will always be published anonymously unless you give permission for some or all of your details to be published.
LAWNSMITH is a UK registered trade mark. Please visit the IPO for classes.
If you have any concerns about material which appears on our site, please contact email@example.com
Thank you for visiting our site.
We use a number of different cookies on our site. If you do not know what cookies are, or how to control or delete them, then we recommend you visit http://www.aboutcookies.org for detailed guidance.
The list below describe the cookies we use on this site and what we use them for. Currently we operate an ‘implied consent’ policy which means that we assume you are happy with this usage. If you are not happy, then you should either not use this site, or you should delete the cookies having visited the site, or you should browse the site using your browser’s anonymous usage setting (called “Incognito” in Chrome, “InPrivate” for Internet Explorer, “Private Browsing” in Firefox and Safari etc.).
For any users of this site who perform a login, a cookie is required for this login to function properly, and so we will take this as implied consent and hide the 'accept cookies' message.
This is the cookie set by the website to track your session information, so that we can login you in and perform a number of critical functions on the website, such as page preferences etc. When you leave the website and close the browser, this session cookie should be removed by your browser.
More information on session cookies and what they are used for at http://www.allaboutcookies.org/cookies/session-cookies-used-for.html
This cookie is set by the website to store your login userid information, so that it is prefilled in for you and you only then need to enter your password. If you do not want this cookie to be stored, you can simply untick the 'Remember by login name' box at the login screen. Expires one year from being set.
This cookie is set by the website to store your shopping basket information, it is an essential aspect of our website. The cart cookie is stored for 30 days and will also clear after you checkout.
This cookie is set by the website when you have clicked the "Accept Cookies" link, and is used so that we don't show you the notice on every page once you've decided you are happy with the policy. Expires one year from when set.